搞定高中英语语法的100个句子:动词句型:关于副词的若干注意点

2019-08-13 14:55:45

72.关于副词的若干注意点
<例句>
I saw it clear.
我看得很清楚。
<语法分析>
在这个局子里,副词clear与clearly意思相同,在句子里的位置相同,二者可以互换。有些同源副词词义各异,所以不能互换。如果词义基本相同,但在句子里所处的位置不同,则二者不可以互换。两个同一性质的副词状语在一起时,单位大的一般要放在单位小的后面。大多数副词没有倾向性,但有些副词却含有积极意义或消极意义,这取决于它所在的语言环境。
<触类旁通>
(1)He is running round in the field.
他在场上兜圈子。
语法分析:round为“完全,绝对”,roundly为“严厉地”虽为同源副词,但意义不同。
(2)She doesn't talk loudly or laugh loudly in public.
她不在公共场所大声谈笑。
语法分析:loudly意为“大声地”和loud的意思相同,所以可用loud在相同位置替换loudly。
(3)He firmly supports us.
他坚定地支持我们。
语法分析:有些副词如与形容词筒形,位置在动词后,多在句末;如是ly结尾,多放在动词前面,所以在句中firm不可替换firmly。
(4)I'm going to start at nine tomorrow.
我明天九点出发。
语法分析:两个同一性质的副词状语在一起时,单位大的一般要放在单位小的后面。
(5)The weather is rather cold today.
今天天气特别冷。
语法分析:rather和completely多与表示消极意义的词连用。
(6)She is perfectly satisfied with it.
她对此非常满意。
语法分析:entirely,fairly和perfectly多与表示积极意义的词连用。
<巩固练习>
(1)I feel _____ that you ought to send the servant away.
[A]strong[B]strongly [C]strength [D]strengthened
(2)Good ways of doing things mean saving time,and _____ it is neceessary for us to find them.
[A]still [B]however[C]therefore [D]otherwise
(3)I didn't expect the concert was _____ wonderful.
[A]as [B]more[C]most[D]very
(4)Having done four experiments without rest,the students were _____ out to go on with _____ one.
[A]so tired;the fifth [B]so tiring;the fifth [C]too given;the fifth[D]too worn;a fifth
(5)Her father often criticizes her ______ [round,roundly].
(6)These young men work _____ [hard,hardly].
(7)She _____ [hard,hardly]ever eats meat.
(8)He is _____[dead,deadly]asleep.
(9)I am _____[dead,deadly]tired.
(10)I _____[clean,cleanly]forgot about it.
(11)She went to bed _____[late,lately]last night.
(12)She is _____[closely,close]related to this club.
<参考答案>
(1)[B] (2)[C] (3)[A] (4)[D] (5)roundly (6)hard (7)hardly (8)dead (9)deadly (10)clean (11)late (12)closely